What Is Secondary Action Animation? Guide For Beginners.

Secondary action animation, which is also called secondary motion, refers to the so-called flat motions generated as a reaction to the movement of the primary motion by a character.

This guide for beginners will explain what secondary action animation is, how it works, and some tips for using it effectively.

So let’s start.

What is a secondary action in animation?

Secondary Action describes gestures that support the main action to add more dimension to the character animation.

Animation is a powerful tool for engaging and informing viewers. When used correctly, animation can be an extremely effective way to communicate a message. In many cases, however, animation can be improved by the use of secondary animation. Secondary animation is used to reinforce or highlight the primary animation. It can also be used to clarify or explain the primary animation. Secondary animation can improve the viewer experience by making it more interesting and easy to understand.

There are several ways to use secondary animation effectively. One common technique is to use it to emphasize important points. Another is to use it as a tool for clarification, by providing additional information that helps viewers understand the primary animation. Finally, secondary animation can be used to make the overall presentation more interesting and engaging.

Running animation nikhil ray
Credits – Nikhil Ray

For example, the character may be running. The essential action is the legs, and the other actions are the rest of the body including the arms swinging, the head bobbing, and facial movements. These actions are known as Secondary action Animation

What is primary and secondary animation?

Primary Action Animation

The action of a scene is the thing that a scene is all about. It is the action of a character that is evidently attempting something; it’s what the story is centered on at that time.

boxing animation nikhil ray
Credits – Nikhil Ray

The plot may be Boxing. The primary action is the Arms, and the other actions consist of the torso, the head, and facial movements. These matters are known as Secondary action Animation.

Secondary Action Animation

Secondary Action. Secondary action is any action that happens as a consequence of initial action. Adding this principle to a primary action provides the scene with more life by reinforcing and supporting the initial action.

dancing animation nikhil ray
Credits – Nikhil Ray

As an example, the character may be Dancing. Here the Primary actions of the physique are the legs and arms and the upper body. So here the Secondary Activity Animations can be head, wrist, fingers, and facial expressions.

How to Use secondary animation to improve the viewer experience

Animation is often used to improve the viewer experience by adding movement and interactivity to a scene. However, sometimes a little bit of extra animation can go a long way in making a scene more engaging and visually appealing. This type of animation is called secondary animation, and it can be used to great effect to improve the viewer experience.

Secondary animation can be used to create the illusion of depth and motion in a scene. Secondary animation can be used to create a more seamless and cohesive viewing experience, as well as to add interest and depth.

secondary animation example
Credits – Dsource

There are many different ways to create secondary animation, and the best approach depends on the specific needs of an Animation Shot. Some common techniques include animating Hairs, heads, and sometimes ears.

The different types of secondary animation

There are a number of ways to create additional animations that will help enhance your workflow. But we will be listing a few which will help you

  • Hair
  • Ear
  • Moustache
  • Clothes

There’s likely an infinite number of ways to add secondary animation to your projects! When you’re animating, ask yourself “How can I makes the viewing experience more engaging?” and begin to find the response to this question.

Want To Learn More About Secondary Action Animation?

If I were to advise you to learn how to create animations that are smooth as butter, I would suggest taking a look at the Video section on this site. There, you will see useful tips and guides on how to make any type of animation.


In conclusion, secondary action animation is an excellent way to add interest and life to your videos. By using this technique, you can make your viewers more engaged and keep them interested in what you have to say. So, if you’re looking to add a bit of flair to your next project, be sure to give secondary action animation a try.